The Yellow Wallpaper American Feminist Literature By Charlotte Perkins Gilman "The Yellow Wallpaper" is a 6,000-word short story by the American writer Charlotte Perkins Gilman, first published in January 1892 in The New England Magazine. It is regarded as an important early work of American feminist literature, illustrating attitudes in the 19th century toward women's physical and mental health. Presented in the first person, the story is a collection of journal entries written by a woman (Jane) whose physician husband (John) has confined her to the upstairs bedroom of a house he has rented for the summer. She is forbidden from working and has to hide her journal from him, so she can recuperate from what he calls a "temporary nervous depression - a slight hysterical tendency," a diagnosis common to women in that period. The windows of the room are barred, and there is a gate across the top of the stairs, allowing her husband to control her access to the rest of the house. The story depicts the effect of confinement on the narrator's mental health and her descent into psychosis. With nothing to stimulate her, she becomes obsessed by the pattern and color of the wallpaper. "It is the strangest yellow, that wall-paper! It makes me think of all the yellow things I ever saw - not beautiful ones like buttercups, but old foul, bad yellow things. But there is something else about that paper - the smell! ... The only thing I can think of that it is like is the color of the paper! A yellow smell." In the end, she imagines there are women creeping around behind the patterns of the wallpaper and comes to believe she is one of them. She locks herself in the room, now the only place she feels safe, refusing to leave when the summer rental is up. "For outside you have to creep on the ground, and everything is green instead of yellow. But here I can creep smoothly on the floor, and my shoulder just fits in that long smooch around the wall, so I cannot lose my way."
Facilitators looking to improve the ease and efficiency of their training procedures as well as making training more effective, interesting and enjoyable for participants will find these 35 activities, based on Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, just what they have been looking for. While the theory of multiple intelligences has revolutionized educational practices around the world over the last two decades, until now there has been little guidance in how to apply it to workplace training and development. These 35 activities address this gap with games, questionnaires, role plays, guided reflections and other hands-on activities designed to help facilitators provide participants with: â¢ Icebreakers which illustrate the uniqueness of personal abilities; â¢ Guidance for the identification of your own intelligences and preferences for learning; â¢ Methods of improving written or verbal communication; â¢ Identification of trainer preferences for learning and teaching; â¢ Procedures for improving team work and team building; â¢ Valuing and support for workplace diversity; and â¢ Alternative methods of problem solving. Each of the 35 activities provides the facilitator with a ready-to-use plan of what the activity should accomplish, the materials, suggested timing, OHPs, worksheets and a step-by-step facilitation process of everything from motivation to conclusions to be drawn and questions to be asked. In addition, each activity closes with an annotated set of resources such as books, articles, videos or websites. These activities will change forever how facilitators teach as well as how participants think about themselves and those they work with, whether employers, clients or customers of the wider community.
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